Port Harcourt, the capital city of Rivers State as well as the largest city in Rivers State, was founded by Fredrick Lugard in 1912, as a port for the exportation of coal to Enugu. Port Harcourt, also called the Garden City, is regarded as the 3rd most developed city in Nigeria, after Lagos and Abuja. It is also the oil hub of Nigeria. Port Harcourt lies along the Bonny River and is located in the Niger Delta.
Port Harcourt is highly populated, as it is the only major city in the state. From an area of 15.54 km2 in 1914, Port Harcourt was expanded to cover an area of 360 km2 in the 1980s. As at 2016, it had an estimated population of 1,865,000 inhabitants from 1,382,592 as of 2006, with a land mass of 369km2. Port Harcourt is a major industrial center, as it has a large number of multinational firms as well as other industrial concerns, particularly business related to the petroleum industry. There are also a good number of notable markets in Port Harcourt like Oil Mill Market, Rumuokoro Market, Navy Market, koku Spare Parts Market, Garri Market etc.